The suggestions we hear on raising our kids these days seems to change about as often as the weather, but the good old-fashioned “time-out” is one disciplinary tool that never seems to go out of style.
There’s a reason for that. Time-outs can be very effective.
• They show your child the consequence of undesirable behavior
• They demonstrate your authority
• They give both parent and child a little breather, which helps avoid unpleasant outbursts on both sides.
But it’s important to know how to use them effectively. Otherwise, you may be reinforcing the very behavior you’re looking to keep in check.
With that in mind, let’s take a look at what I consider to be the three biggest mistakes parents typically make when sending their children to the “sin bin.”
1. Not using a timer.
Once you’ve sent your child into time-out, they’ll typically try to negotiate with you for shorter times, bathroom breaks, a glass of water, their blanket, and anything else they can possibly come up with.
This is usually an attempt at a power struggle, rather than a genuine request. In their minds, if you’re still talking to them while they’re in time-out, they feel like they’ve got control over the situation.
The most common of these tactics is asking how much time they have left in their “sentence,” and once they get a response, they’ll ask it over and over again.
They probably have no real interest in how long they have left, of course; they’re just trying to engage you.
Putting a timer that the child can read, out of reach but easy to see, takes this technique out of their arsenal. When they ask, “How much longer do I have?” respond with a casual, “I’m not sure, honey. Check the timer.”
2. Giving too many warnings
When I hear from parents who say that time-outs don’t work for their children, it almost always starts off something like this…
“I warn him that he’s going to get a time-out if he doesn’t quit running in the house, but two minutes later, he’s at it again. So I warn him again and he stops for a minute, but as soon as my back is turned, off he goes again.”
Remember, kids will test your limits to see what they can get away with. If you tell them that behavior “A” is going to result in punishment “B” and then don’t follow through, the message they get is that behavior “A” might result in punishment “B.”
So they test the water. They check to see how many warnings they can get before they’re actually punished.
This is another situation where consistency is absolutely vital. When you issue the warning and the behavior continues, be sure to follow up quickly and decisively.
Once your child realizes there are no second warnings, they’ll quickly start to adjust their behavior after you give the first one.
3. Using the wrong location
I had a friend a number of years ago whose idea of a time-out was to force her child to sit on her lap for five minutes. Some deterrent! Needless to say, her son was frequently misbehaving and got plenty of time-outs.
I understand the motivation behind giving time-outs in comfortable places. It helps keep the peace, but it completely defeats the purpose.
In my opinion, time-outs should be specific to a location where there are no distractions, and should be in a “neutral” area of the house. (That is, not in the child’s bedroom, play area, or anywhere else they consider, “theirs.”)
After a confrontation, kids will often want to go to their rooms. It’s their fortress and they feel safe and comfortable there. A neutral area will help to keep them focused on the behavior that caused the time-out in the first place.
My husband and I typically use the laundry room for time-outs. The window doesn’t look out onto anything interesting, there are no toys or games to remove, and the shelves are high enough to place the timer out of reach.
Disciplining your children is never enjoyable, but it’s necessary, and when it’s done effectively, it reinforces good behavior and reduces frustration for both you and your child.
Consider it an investment. If you do it impartially and consistently early on, it will mean less fights and better behavior down the road.
If you haven’t yet, you may want to check out Kids: The Manual. It’s a discipline system that is designed to deal with some of the most common behavioral challenges in children ages 2-12.